IGY, International Geophysical Year
From July 1957 to December 1958 an international cooperative scientific program was conducted to study the earth and its environment. This program was called the International Geophysical Year. More than 70 countries participated in the project which led to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts, the theory of plate tectonics, exploration of outer space, construction of earth satellites, and increased research in the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. IGY was sponsored by the International Council of Scientific Unions and involved nearly 30,000 scientists. In a radio and television address on June 30, 1957, President Eisenhower expressed his belief that "the most important result of the International Geophysical Year is that demonstration of the ability of peoples of all nations to work together harmoniously for the common good. I hope this can become common practice in other fields of human endeavor."
- Article March-April 1954
- Letter, Chester Barnard To President
- Letter, Detley Bronk to Sherman Adams
- Letter, Joseph Dodge Regarding DODs Interest in the Igy Program
- Letter, Sinclair Weeks to Detley Bronk
- List of 29 Nationas Participating in International Geophysical Year
- Memo to James Killian From Dr. George Kistiakowsky
- National Science Foundation Report
- Outline of International Geophysical Year Program
- Press Release by the Natinal Science Foundation
- Press Release, Remarks by DDE With Opening of the International Geophysical Year
- Press Release, Statement by James Hagerty on Earth-Circling Satellites
- Statement by Eisenhower Concerning the Amundsen-Scott Igy S. Pole Station
- Summary of IGY Projects Affected by Recent DOD Fiscal Actions
- 75-92-30 (USN) Antarctica - the atomic (nuclear) powered weather station at Byrd Station.
- 75-92-33 (USN) Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica - An ice drilling rig begins the task of making a hole
- 75-92-35 (USN) Antarctica - Chilean geologist Fernando Hunizaga and geologist Charles King on a sled in the Shackleton Glacier Area.