Polio Vaccine, Jonas Salk
The 1950s are often considered to be a safe and quiet decade when American families moved to the suburbs, drove large modern automobiles, and enjoyed a stable and prosperous economy. But beneath this tranquil scene, parents faced a great fear - the dreaded poliomyelitis, or polio, as it is commonly known. The disease had killed over thirteen hundred Americans (a large percentage were children) and crippled more than 18,000 in the year 1954 alone. On April 12, 1955, American received the much-welcomed news that Dr. Jonas Salk had developed a vaccine against the frightening disease. Immediately, the federal government implemented a plan to have the vaccine produced by six licensed pharmaceutical companies and distributed to children throughout the country. Within one year, the deaths attributed to polio declined by 50 per cent, and this downward trend continues to the present when polio has been totally eradicated in most of the world.
- Cabinet Paper CI-24, "The Salk Vaccine," April 29, 1955
- Charts and Graphs With Figures on Polio Cases in the U.S.
- Minutes of Cabinet Meeting on the Salk Vaccine, April 29, 1955
- Press release of citations from DDE to Jonas Salk and the April 22, 1955
- Press Release Regarding the Cutter Laboratories Vaccine, April 30, 1955
- Press Release Staetment by the President Supporting the Drive for Polio Vaccine, May 17, 1958
- Press Release Statement by the President About the Polio Vaccine Situation, May 31, 1955
- Remarks by Oveta Culp Hobby, Given at a Conference on the Salk Polio Vaccine, April 22, 1955
- Report, "Alternative Calculations of Total Costs and Federal Shares" concerning polio vaccinations
- Senate Bill S2501 Authorizing Grants to States to Assist in Providing Vaccination Against Polio
- Supplement to April 22, 1955 Press Release
- Supplemental Report to the Pres by Scty of Health, Ed and Welfare . . . July13, 1955
- Telegram, Spencer to President Re Distribution of Commercial Polio Vaccine, April 15, 1955